Wild Men on the North Fork

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Varieties and Sources, Part 3: Cucumber to Peas

Cucumber

Cucumbers originate from the India-Burma area. Members of the squash family, Cucumbers grow well in Wyoming. They like lots of heat, water and rich soil.

Cucumber Habit:

Many varieties of cucumber do not do well if night temperatures turn cold after they are set out. Even night temperatures in the low 40's (F.) can kill them if they have to live through very many of them. It is quite possible to have ground temperatures warm enough and still have cucumbers killed by cold nights.

If you are having this problem, I recomend you direct seed your cucumbers, but only after day temperatures have reached or exceeded 90 degrees (F.) for four successive days.

Plant immediately into rich soil. Fetilize when sprouts first emerge and every two to three weeks thereafter. Fertilize heavily when first blooms appear, and then stop fertilizing. Use a balanced fertilizer, water soluable if possible.

Watch cucumbers closely when they are young. They can be sunburnt. Mark McAtee thinks that one of the purposes of the first leaves on cucumbers is to absorb the shock of our strong ultraviolet light. What appears to be sunburn may, in fact, be fungus. Consider using a fungicide.

Mulch new plants right away with grass clippings to keep moisture in the roots. Cucumbers also like wind breaks and up to half-shade when young.

Links: University of Illinois Extension, B's Cucumber Pages

Soils: Prefers lots of humus and lots of droppings, or heavy commercial fertilizer; but will grow in any soil. Soil should be loose, sandy is fine.

Companions: Beans, Pole Beans, Carrots, Corn, Peas, Radish

Germination: 95 percent when soils are 59 degrees. Corn can be sensitive about cool soils. Direct seed.

Group: Cucumis (Cucumis sativus) We planted Cool Breeze and Sweet Success in 2002,2003 2004-2006. We will plant them again in 2007. Harvest pickling cucumbers when 2 to 4 inches long. Harvest slicers when plump and still dark green. Do not leave cucumbers on the vine until they yellow.

Planting: Set plants out, or direct seed when no chance for cool weather

Shading Cucumbers:

About Cucumbers:

In 2002 I made a note to myself that cucumber sprouts seem to need immediate heat but also need some shade for part of the day. Then I forgot about the shade this year until it was too late. We lost most of our starts of Cool Breeze Cucumbers. They appeared to have simply burned up. Then I remembered my note about the need for shade for young plants. And I recalled from past years that Cucumbers don't really take off until they are big enough to shade their own ground (over their roots). I also recalled a comment my partner Mark McAtee once made about how the first two leaves seem to fill the function of absorbing the abuse of our harsh sun in the early days of the plant. So I began putting mini shades up, pieces of paneling about 3 inches wide by 4 inches high just to the west of each new plant. It shades the plant for the last 1/4 of the day and breaks up the wind too. I did this for all Cucumbers and most Melons. It kept one musk melon from dieing, and the Cucumbers are doing better. Above the Cool Breeze I also suspended strips of wood which shaded them even more. The plants seemed to appreciated the shade.

2004: We had to replant cucumbers due to bug devastation. When we did, we planted seeds inside 3 inch pvc tubes and tied mosquito netting over the top of each tube. We removed the netting when the leaves first touched it. Cucumbers thrived in these conditions.

Trellising Cucumbers:

We plant cucumbers in raised beds. That means we also plant very intesively. Our typical 3' x 3' bed leaves no room for the cucumbers to vine and run. So we have taken to providing trellis support.

We train our cucumbers up wire grid (usually 2x4) trellises. They seem to thrive this way.

We curve the wire mesh first, then bury the base in the raised bed, curved into the wind as shown at left. We stake the base of the wire into the soil and support either end with tall stakes.

Jung 50-55,


Cucumber - Slicer


Days to

Maturity

Name - Description Plant Height/Length Product
Recommend:
Burp 58, Feld 54, Gurn 54, Jung 55, Park 54, Pine 54, Ttom 58, Vrmt 58, Recommend
Sweet Success, [AAS Winner]
, seedless or nearly so, best tasting slicer I have ever grown. This is a big cucumber. It is always crisp, and may be the sweetest slicer you can grow. This variety is somewhat disease resistant. Production is heavy. Grown in 2002-08. Will grow in '09. Medium Seed Potency
4 to 6 feet 10 to 12 inches
Burp 48, Feld 48, Gurn 50, Jung 48, Ttom 48, Sweeter Yet- Grown by Bill Simpson with great success in 2010, a cold year. ? 10 inches
Feld 63, Gurn 63, Park 62, Stok 62, Ttom 62, Vrmt 62, Sweet Slice- Offered by many greenhouses, and for a good reason, this is a very dependable producer. ? 10 inches
Considering:
Gerking PicklerFrom the Jung Catalog: "Get perfect pickling cukes with this parthenocarpic variety. Vining plants produce loads of 3 to 5 inch fruits that won't turn bitter if left on the vine too long. The ability to set fruit without pollination and an excellent disease package, including high resistance to Scab and cucumber Mosaic Virus, should allow almost anyone to successfully grow this cucumber." ? 3 to 5 inches
Pine 70, Ttom 70, Summer Dance - Uniform fruit, resistant to mildew, 1 inch wide, vigorous grower, many lateral vines. DPPP ? 10 inches
Have Grown in the Past:
Varieties We Rate as Failures: Amira, Straight Eight, Sugar Crunch, Suhyo TK, Diva, Marketmore 96



Cucumber - Pickler


Pick early when fruits are small and make smaller batches of pickles. Keeping the vines picked will force them to put on more fruit. I keep brine on hand all summer to make batches of pickles in quarts or pints. They like lots of water and rich soil. They can grow up a trellis to save space.
Days to

Maturity

Name - Description Plant Height/Length Product
Recommend:
Jung 45, Ttom 45, Vrmt 45, Recommend
Cool Breeze
, a French Cornichon cucumber, has great taste, excellent as either a pickler or slicer, small seeds, takes heat well. It is parthenocarpic, requiring no insects for fruit production. Grown in 2001-2008. Will grow in '09. We like this one so much that we probably will not plant any other variety of pickling cucumber. We regularly get more than 20 quarts of pickles from a 3'X3' raised bed. If you can only grow one cucumber we think this should be the one. In fact, this is going to be the only cucuber we plant in 2013. Medium Seed Potency ...Heirloom***
4 feet 4 to 5 inch
Bakr 52, Feld 52, John 48, Jung 55-60, Park 52, Peac 52, Pine 52, National Pickling - Chicago Pickling, the old standby for a reason, the hardiest cucumber you can grow. It can also be eaten as a slicer. It does tend to grow too big too quickly, and seeds are very large. Growing this is like having a Border Collie in the house, you have to keep your eye on him all the time. Medium Seed Potency...Heirloom***

DDPP

6 to 8 feet 3 to 8 inches
Considering:
Stok 53, Calypso, good disease resistance, L/D Ratio=3 to 1, DDDPPP ? 5 inches
Jung 52, Park 48, County Fair, multi-disease resistance, early and high yeilds, seedless if grown away from other cucumbers, never bitter. DDDPPP 5 feet 6 to 8 inches
Varieties We Rate as Failures: Wisconsin SMR-58, H-19 Little Leaf, Diamant

Greens

Greens love water and loose soil. Try to get a variety that takes heat and is slow to bolt. Most greens you can grow are Brassicas, particularly the Mustard Greens

Soils: Prefers lots of humus and lots of droppings, or heavy commercial fertilizer; but will grow in any soil. Soil should be loose, sandy is fine.

Companions: Other Brassica: Broccoli,Brussel Sprout, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Chinese Cabbage, Kale,

Germination: 95 percent when soils are 59 degrees. Corn can be sensitive about cool soils. Direct seed.

Group: Brassica We will plant greens at home from now on not at the plots.

Planting: Direct seed

Days to

Maturity

Name - Description Product
Considering:
John 40, Park 40, Pine 43, Seed 50, Stok 40, Vrmt 40,\ Mizuna (Mibuna) (Brassica rapa, Japonica group) - Often used in mesclun blends, deeply cut and lacy leaves on 4 to 8 inch stems, mild and sweet flavor, can be used in stir fry, Mibuna has non-lobed leaves. We grew this in 2003-04, but not since. We decided it was not that great. 8 inches
Bakr ?, John 45, Pine 48, Seed 50, Stok ?, Vrmt 50, Tatsoi - Tah Tsai- (Brassica rapa, Narinosa group) - Compact rosette, mild, for salads or stir fry 8 to 12 inches

Lettuce

Lettuce was first grown around the Mediterranean. Lettuce loves water and loose soil. Try to get a variety that takes heat well and is slow to bolt. Lettuce actually likes slightly alkaline soils.

Try planting lettuce later, say June 7 to June 10. Lettuce planted later like this tends not to bolt as much as lettuce planted earlier.

Links: University of Illinois Extension, Ohio State University, UC/Davis,

Soil: Prefers loose soil with lots of humus. Do not add manure and do not fertilize. Nitrogen (found in both) will make lettuce bolt.

Companions: Beets, Cabbage, Carrots, Cucumbers, Leeks, Onion, Strawberries\

Germination: 98 percent when soils are 48 degrees. Lettuce does not like the soil to dry out.

Group: Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) We grow no head lettuce, only leaf lettuce because we get more sustained production. Cut lettuce no later than 60 days after planting, and keep it cut to prevent bolting.

Planting:Direct seed

2002: Our two 3x3 lettuce beds produced more lettuce than we three families and friends could use. Note the wire cages over the beds to discourage rabbits.



Lettuce - Head


Days to

Maturity

Name - Description Product
Recommend:
Pine 68, Vrmt 50, Recommend
Summertime (Crisphead type)
, takes heat well. Medium Seed Potency
8 inches
Considering:
Bakr 65, Burp 75, Feld 65, Gurn 65, John 46, Jung 68, Park 65, Peac 50, Pine 53, Stok 60, Vrmt 66, Buttercrunch [AAS Winner] (Butterhead type) - Grown in 2011 and 2013. Will grow again. 9 inches
Burp 85, Peac 58, Pine ?, Iceberg - This is the original, and now it is an Heirloom. 9 inches


Lettuce - Loose Leaf


Lettuce loves water and loose soil. Try to get a variety that takes heat and is slow to bolt. I often plant head lettuce seed in a row with my loose lettuce. It grows fine that way and will give good crisp leaves that come back after cutting. Always cut the leaf leaving just a fringe of green above the white stem when harvesting. Do not pull lettuce. You will end up pulling up the whole plant.
Recommend:
Burp 45, Gurn 45, Jung 45, Park 45, Pine 45, Ttom 45, Recommend
Green Ice
, very frilly leaf, slow to bolt. Grown in every year from 2002 to 2009. Medium Seed Potency
7 inches
Feld 48, Jung 48, Pine 48, Stok 41, Vrmt 48, Recommend
Simpson Elite
, Very slow to bolt, light green. Grown in every year from 2002 to 2009. Medium Seed Potency
6 inches
Cook ?, Feld 40, Gurn 40, Jung 45, John 27, Park 45, Pine 48, Seed 28-50, Recommend
Red Sails, [AAS Winner]
the best of the reds. Grown in every year from 2002 to 2009. Medium Seed Potency
7 inches
Considering:
John 55, Jung 29, Pine 45, Seed 55, Stok 43, New Red Fire - very dark red, very crinkly, very slow to bolt. Frilly. ?


Lettuce - Romaine/Cos


John 48, Jung 56, Seed 53, Terr 48, Vrmt 56, Recommend
Nevada
- a Batavia-type lettuce, shiny green leaves, holds well in hot weather, resistant to tipburn, mosaic virus, downy mildew, bottom rot, and bolting, can be cut again and again.

Grown in every year from 2002 to 2009. Steady producer. Did not ever bolt. Medium Seed Potency

7 inches
Considering:
Park 45, Green Towers, From the Park catalog: "60 days. The gardener's favorite, and no wonder -- you can't beat these mildly-flavored, slightly savoyed leaves for dense growth and good adaptability to anything Nature throws their way. Reaching 8 to 12 inches high and wide, these dark gray-green heads are crisp and flavorful, suitable for both spring and fall crops.

Ready just 2 months after sowing, Green Towers is a delectable Romaine, dependable and delicious no matter what your growing conditions! Equally well suited for hot, dry climates and cool, moist ones, it sets elegant heads of deep grayish green that taste as good as they look." Medium Seed Potency

7 inches
Bakr 70, Feld 70, Gurn 70, John 29, Jung 50-70, Peac 28, Paris Island - An old American heirloom. From the Gurney catalog: "Piquant flavor sets this Paris White Cos head lettuce apart from the other lettuces. Produces vase-shaped heads 10 in. tall. 70 DAYS." ?

Melon - Musk/Cantelope

Melons are closely related to Cucumbers. They like lots of water and rich, loose, friable soil. We grow musk melons each year in our Wyoming garden. When choosing seed, watch the days to maturity and the size of the fruit very carefully.

Links: Oregon State University,

Soil: Prefers year-old droppings in moderate quantities, or light applications of commercial fertilizer. Humus should be 25 to 50 % of soil.

Companions: Corn, Morning Glory

Germination: 94 percent when soils are 77 degrees. Melons love the heat.

Group: Cucumis (Cucumis melo) Musk melons did fine after we replanted in tubes. That makes us suspicious of our results in prior years. Maybe it wasn't a bad variety, maybe it was the bugs. Best when they ripen in warm, dry weather. As the melons ripen the stem slips easily from the fruit. Harvest when that happens.

Planting: Set out as plants, or direct seed (if you have a short-season variety) when all danger of frost is past.

Days to

Maturity

Name - Description Plant Height/Length Product
Recommend:
NESeed 68 Recommend
Tasty Sherbet
- Musk Melon Type, from NE Seed Catalog: " 6-7 lbs.) Tasty Sherbet F1 Hybrid Tuscan type melon is defined by its dark green sutures and medium net. With deep orange flesh and tight cavity, Tasty Sherbet F1 is an excellent melon. Tolerant to Alternaria, PM Race 1 and 2, FW Race 0, 1 and 2. Slips. 75-80 days." This melon is absolutely delicious, juicy, sweet, without ever being mealy. Best Melon I have ever grown. Medium Seed Potency
4 feet 8 inches
John 68 Recommend
Sun Jewel
- Crenshaw Type, Asian, 3 1/2 X 7 Heavy bearing, crisp and sweet flesh. Taste is similar to a honeydew. Turns yellow when ripe and slips easily off the vine. Has the look of a long, yellow, and very fat cucumber with white sutures, smooth skin. SSSPP, Grown in 2002, 2004-07. Will definitely grow again but maybe not in '09, so as to have room for watermelon experiments. Medium Seed Potency
4 feet 8 inches
Considering:
John 73, Halona - 4 to 5 pounds, From the Johnny catalog: "Fruits mature exta early. grow again. ? 4-5 pounds
Jung 68, Goddess Hybrid - 4 to 6 pounds, From the Jung catalog: "Harvest the first muskmelons of the season! Unlike many early melons where quality and flavor are sacrificed for earliness, Goddess is one of the best looking highest quality melons on the market, yielding 4 to 6 lb. eastern-type fruits that are oval-shaped with fine netting. The golden-orange flesh is thick, juicy and extra-sweet with wonderful flavor and aroma. It comes with a powerful disease resistance package, too, so yields are plentiful." ? 4-6 pounds
John 79, Jung 75, Athena - 5 to 7 pounds. Widely adapted. From the Johnny catalog: "Fruits mature exta early. grow again. ? 5-7 pounds
Bakr 85, Burp 80, NESeed 77, Hale's Best - 5 to 6 pounds. Widely adapted. From the NE Seed catalog: "(3 1/2 – 5 lbs.) Hale’s Best Jumbo features oval, ribbed and heavily netted fruits with salmon-orange flesh. Slips. 77 days." ? 4 pounds
Jung 76, Solstice Hybrid - From the Jung catalog: "Massive fruits with amazing sweet flavor. Weighing 6 to 9 pounds on average, these huge, deep sutured muskmelons have netted skin and thick, orange, richly flavored flesh rating 13% Brix on the sweetness scale. High yielding plants have a great disease package that includes resistance to powdery mildew and fusarium wilt." Grown in 2013. Great production. Fruits were small, 1 to 2.5 lbs. Will trial again. ? 6-9 pounds
John 75, NESeed 76, Lilly (F1) - Crenshaw Type - From the Johnny catalog: "Fruits average 6-8 lb. Skin is pale yellow, with juicy, light orange flesh with a distinctive sweet and spicy flavor. Lilly is much earlier than most Crenshaws and will perform much better than older varieties in regions with short seasons. Harvest at forced slip. Resistant to melon mosaic virus. Avg. 11,000 seeds/lb. Packet: 30 seeds." From NE Seed catalog: "(6-8 lbs.) Lilly PMT F1 Hybrid Crenshaw melon exhibits a pale yellow exterior with a light orange flesh. Features a high brix of 17%. Excellent taste. Tolerant to PM Race 1 and 2, WMV, PVY. Slips. 75-77 days." ? 6 to 8 pounds
Have Grown in the Past:
Minnesota Midget, small, a little smaller than Trocadero, but very sweet, pick when stem falls off melon. Grown in 2001 and 2002, would grow this variety again 4 feet 1 to 1 1/2 pounds
Alaska, sweet melon, pick when orange and eat right away, flesh can turn a bit 'mealy'. Grown in 2001 and 2002, would grow this variety again 4 to 8 feet 4 to 4 1/2 pounds
Trocadero, a French charentais, smooth skin that turns to blue-grey when ripe. Subtle and sweet taste. Dependable producer, but most people like a stronger flavored melon. The size of a softball. Grown in 2001. 6 feet 2 pounds
Varieties We Rate as Failures: Scoop II, Gold Bar, Savor, Whopper

During the off season I pour back through my catalogs and to find better offerings. The chart that follows is a survey of musk melons. I take the size in pounds (bigger the better), and the days-to-maturity given for each variety. I then subtract 4 percent for each day that a variety is over the ideal of 68 days. So then, with a fruit that is 5 lbs. and 70 days, I multiply the 5 by .92 to get a 'score' of 4.6. Please note that some seed catalogs are notorious for giving too low ratings on their days-to-maturity to really match up well with our climate. So I take the 'scores' with a big grain of salt. Also note that we trialed 'Solstice' this season. We got good production. The fruit was small (1 to 2.5 lbs.) but great tasting. Also listed is one of Bill Simpson's favorites: Burpee Sweet N Early. I have seen this grown by Bill and his melons were bigger than mine and with excellent flavor.
Musk Melons
SEED
PROVIDER
VARIETY DAYS WEIGHT
AVERAGE
IN POUNDS
SCORE
Gurney Gurn Giant 80 18 9.36
Stokes Stok Avatar 73 8.0 6.40
Baker Creek Bakr Prescott
Fond Blanc
70 6.5 5.98
Burpee Burp Ananas 71 6.31 5.55
Jung Jung Solstice 76 7.5 5.10
Jung Jung Goddess 68 5 5.00
Burpee Burp Olympic 75 6.5 4.68
Stokes Stok Primo 79 8.25 4.62
Pine Tree Pine Passport 70 5.0 4.60
Stokes Stok Goddess 70 5.0 4.60
Stokes Stok Rock Star 74 6.0 4.56
Stokes Stok Halona 68 4.5 4.5
Park Park Whopper 77 7.0 4.48
Jung Jung Athena 75 6.0 4.32
Burpee Burp Sweet 'N
Early
75 6.0 4.32
Johnny's John Lilly 78 7.0 4.20
Jung Jung Roadside 80 8.0 4.16
Baker Creek Bakr Burrell's
Jumbo
80 8.0 4.16
Gurney Gurn Athena 75 5.50 3.96
Johnny's John Earlichamp 75 5.50 3.96
Farmers Farm Athena 75 5.50 3.96
Johnny's John Earlichamp 75 5.0 3.60
Johnny's John Halona 73 4.50 3.60
Pine Pine Halona 74 4.50 3.422
Stokes Stok Dutchess 75 4.5 3.24
Park Park Dove 70 3.50 3.22
Burpee Burp Honey
Bun
73 4.0 3.20
Johnny's John Athena 79 5.50 3.08
Johnny's John Sweet
Granite
70 3.25 2.99
Pine Tree Pine Hale's
Best
75 4.0 2.88
Burpee Burp Charentais 75 2.50 2.30
Johnny's John Honey
Orange
74 3.0 2.28
Jung Jung Super
Star
86 8.0 2.24
Johnny's John Sarah's
Choice
76 3.25 2.21
Park Park French
Orange
75 3.0 2.16
Farmers Farm Minnesota
Midget
60 2.0 2.0
Burpee Burp Bella Tuscan 80 4.0 1.98
Burpee Burp Burpee
Hybrid
82 4.5 1.98
Burpee Burp Super
Star
86 7.0 1.96
Stokes Stok Sugar
Cube
69 2.0 1.96
Jung Jung Maverick 83 4.75 1.90
Stokes Stok Sugar
Cube
69 2.0 1.96
Burpee Burp Minnesota
Midget
70 2.0 1.84

Onion

Onions were first grown in Central Asia. Onion, of course, comes in seeds, plants, and sets. I recomend you use sets. They can be planted between and amongst many other plants in your garden, particularly carrots, lettuce, and peppers. Onions grow in a surprising variety of soils across the United States: the black volcanic blow sand of Eastern Washington, Eastern Oregon and Idaho; the 'muck' soils of upper New York, and the yellow clay/sand soils of New Mexico and Texas.

Links: University of Illinois Extension, Texas A & M,

Soils: Prefers lots of humus and lots of droppings, or heavy commercial fertilizer. Soil should be firm, not loose, and well drained.

Companions: Beets, other Alliums, most carrots, lettuce, peppers, tomatoes

Germination: 98 percent when soils are 41 degrees.

Group: Allium (Allium cepa) Other Allium: garlic, leek, scallion, shallot.

When you receive onion plants, stick them in the refrigerator, with the bulbs in water for a day. Then plant in temporary beds before moving out for final plantings.

Planting: Start from seed in February, plant starts or sets early in spring 6 weeks later. Onion growth and yield can be greatly enhanced by placing a fertilizer rich in phosphorous (10-20-10) 2 to 3 inches below transplants at planting time.

Planting Onions:

In 2002 we learned that the onion sets that accidentally got planted deeper, produced much larger onions. So here is an idea. Go ahead and plant your sets as you would normally. But leave room in your bed for more soil. Then, when the onions are up nicely, 4 to 5 inches out of the ground, pour on another inch or two of soil. We think you will see increased production.

Harvesting Onions:

Harvest green onions when tops are at least 6 inches tall and as big around as a pencil. Harvest dry bulbs in late July or early August, or as soon as stems above the bulb get mushy. Let air for 2 to 3 weeks to dry. Cut tops to 2 inches, or less for storage.

In 2007 at least half of all our onions will be from sets we have purchased from a local feed store.

Days to

Maturity

Name - Description Long/Short Day - Keeper Product

Size

Recomend these Plants:
Cook ?, Gurn 90, Dixn 95, Feld 85, Super Star, Globe shaped and moderately pungent flavor, with bronze wrapper, Grows big in Wyoming Only a medium keeper 4"
Considering these Plants:
John 104, Sierra Blanca, White Skin, round. From the Johnny's Catalog: "Sierra Blanca is the same variety as Super Star. It has been renamed by the breeder. It is widely adapted, day-neutral, and matures well anywhere in North America from spring sowing. Suitable for fall planting where s hort-day onions are normally grown. Produces uniform, large, white-skinned onions with mild flavor and thick rings. Great for salads, slices, onion rings, and frying. Not for long storage. Resistant to pink root. Offered in bunches, avg. 50-60 plants per bunch (unit)." Medium
Burp 80-90, Dixn 95, Gurn 85, John 110, Jung 85, Vrmt 85, Candy, Light Tan Skin, round. Dixondale Farms most popular onion. Did very well for Barry Frank in 2012. Works almost everywhere in the country as a large mild onion that keeps well. This onion is great for anyone that has never had much success growing onions. It is so easy to grow due to its strong root system and disease resistance. Medium
John 104, Patterson, Light Tan Skin, round. From the Johnny's Catalog: "Patterson has the same firmness and storage qualities as Copra, with a larger size, better uniformity, and higher yield potential. Medium-large, blocky bulbs with dark yellow skin and thin necks that dry quickly. Adaptation: 38°-55° latitude. 1 Unit = 1 Bunch = approx. 50-60 plants." Medium
John 110, Alisa Craig, Light Tan Skin, round. From the Johnny's Catalog: "Yellow-skinned, round bulbs of the Spanish onion type. Ailsa Craig has a distinct advantage over regular Spanish varieties in earliness and cool weather tolerance. Short-term storage into early winter. Adaptation: 38°-60° latitude. Offered in bunches, avg. 50-60 plants per bunch (unit). NOTE: Also offered as seeds." Medium
Varieties We Rate as Failures: Ring Master(2012)

Peas

Peas were first grown in Central Asia. I have grown nearly every kind of pea there is. They will all grow in Wyoming. The standard peas like Wando,Laxton's Progress, and Mr. Big are good varieties. However, I find that I prefer the edible-pod varieties. Soaking the seeds before planting, and getting them in early is essential. The best performer is Sugar Snap and its descendents. Peas will rot in our heavy clay soils. I have had my best results planting in a trench of pure sand. Do trellis your peas for best results. Hint: Deer love peas and beans.

Links: WHFoods.org, www.peas.org, University of Illinois Extension,

Soil: Prefers loose soil, with lots of humus. Sandy is fine. Do not add fertilizer.

Companions: Beans, Corn, Carrots, Cucumber, Lettuce, Potato, Radish, Tomato

Germination: 94 percent when soils are 50 degrees.

Group: Legume (Pisum sativum) Other Legumes: Bush Beans, Pole Beans. Harvest when pods are 2 to 3 inches and before peas reach maximum size.

Planting: Sew directly early in spring

Days to

Maturity

Name - Description Plant Height/Length Product
Recommend:
Bakr ?, Burp 70, Cook ?, Farm 63, Gurn 70, John 62, Peac 50-70, Seed 65, Recommend
Sugar Snap, [AAS Winner-1979]
edible pods, pick at any stage, keeps extending vines and putting on flowers throughout the season. This one produces like it was made for Wyoming. High Seed Potency
6 feet 3 inches
Considering:
Burp 64, Feld 66, John 60, Jung 66, Park 64, Pine 62, ,Vrmt 70, Super Sugar Snap, [AAS Winner] edible pods, pick at any stage, keeps extending vines and putting on flowers throughout the season. High Seed Potency 6 feet 3 to 4 inches

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